How does the 3IN1FEEDERS system control the ration better than other feeders?

Critical to the success of controlling the ration is to limit the amount that an animal’s tongue can touch with any one lick.

In the restricted setting, 3IN1FEEDERS Advanced Adjustment System can position feed 40mm down between two plates.

The feed in the bottom of the groove can sit so the depth of grains/pellets is only 5-10mm deep, allowing stock only a few grains/pellets with each lick.

When the animal’s saliva depletes, they can no longer access feed.

While other feeders can also make stock lick through a narrow gap, they allow stock to put their tongues into the feed as deep as the tongue will reach. These feeders allow access to a lot more feed with each lick, so instead of stopping when they run out of saliva, livestock only stop when they grow tired of licking.

3IN1FEEDERS’ control over the ration is further enhanced by the use of the Adjuster Guard – a set of slots dividing the feed access area.

The Adjuster Guard prevents bossy feeders moving along the trough, allowing more animals to feed uninterrupted.

3IN1FEEDERS can also be adjusted to ad-lib feed.

Why is the 3IN1FEEDERS system more efficient than periodic feeding?

Rumens contain different types of microbes – some digest starch and sugars and others digest cellulose.

Dietary upsets, such as feeding too much concentrate only once per day, can cause rapid change in the microbial population. This changes fermentation patterns, the rumen PH and interferes with fibre digestion.

Animals that feed from 3IN1FEEDERS receive numerous, small amounts of supplement ensuring the rumen always has the same feed content – maximising efficiency.

What stops them eating all day?

Although the feed in 3IN1FEEDERS is always accessible when the feeders are set to restrict intake, stock can only access it while they have sufficient saliva on their tongue.

They require saliva to stick feed to their tongue – without it; they can’t get the feed out and into their mouth.

When their tongue dries, why won’t they just go between the water trough and feeder all day?

Although proximity to the water supply will increase the minimum ration received from 3IN1FEEDERS, saliva is much stickier than water. The supply of saliva is limited because it comes through the glands in the mouth from the fluid in the rumen.

How do you know they’re all getting a supplement?

Bossy animals also run out of saliva – leaving the feeder to other animals in the flock to receive a supplement.

Many farmers observe that the trough space is rarely full, feeding is less frantic and stock frequently come and go between the feeder and the rest of the flock grazing in the field.

How are bullying stock discouraged from pushing others out of the way?

The Adjuster Guard features a series of slots that animals eat through. Any feed spilled from the feed access area and through the Adjuster Guard falls in the trough in front of them. This means it is disadvantageous to move along the trough, pushing other stock away from the feeder.

How do you train stock to lick from the groove?

Stock learn faster if they have a reward (a generous amount of feed) the first time they come to the feeder. This is done by using a safe feed and opening the adjustment system to an ad-lib position.

Other ways to help train stock are to put some feed in the troughs and on the ground around the feeder.

Each feeder has instruction stickers above the troughs for more information.

How strong are 3IN1FEEDERS?

All feeders have reinforcing in the edges of the troughs and weather protecting shields. For added peace of mind, 3IN1FEEDERS provide a full two year warranty on all products.

We have been operating for eight years now and are yet to replace any part damaged by cattle in any of our Next Generation Feeders.

Is there enough rain protection to prevent feed getting wet?

The 3IN1FEEDERS system holds the feed in the licking area, up and out of the trough.

We design the side panels on the feeder with a gutter at the bottom, to drain any rain that hits them to either end of the feeder, away from the feed.

The only feed that can get wet is the small amount sitting in the licking area. Stock usually lick this out before it clogs.

What does 3in1 stand for?

We are called 3IN1 because our feeders can be used for three different feeding options:

  1. Controlled feeding
  2. Creep feeding – with additional creep gates
  3. Free-choice feeding
How many stock can be fed per feeder?


150-200 ewes, does, lambs or kids
80 ewes with 100 lambs
70 does with 120 kids


75-100 ewes, does, lambs or kids
40 ewes with 50 lambs
35 does with 60 kids

What volume does each feeder hold?
  • 800: 27 bushels or 800 litres
  • 1800: 51 bushels or 1800 litres
  • 3800: 108 bushels or 3800 litres
How can the feeder be moved?

The stationary feeders can either be lifted or skidded. All feeders can be full of feed.

How can they be filled?
  • With an auger.
  • By hand with 50lb bags.
  • With a front-end loader. The 1800 and 3800 filling width is 7’7″ wide (2320mm), allowing 7’ front-end loader buckets to load bulk feeds.
  • They can also be filled using bulka bags.
Can any type of mixed feed be used?

The trough peak is angled at 45 degrees, preventing the feed from bridging. This allows most types of mixed rations to be fed.

How can the feeder be used for controlled feeding?
  • It has two adjuster plates that move perpendicular to one another. Depending on their positioning, it can restrict stock’s ability to lick the feed up.
  • In the more restricted settings, stock need their tongue to be moist enough for the feed to stick to it and be retrieved from the groove. After about five minutes of licking, their tongue dries sufficiently to prevent this.
What is the Adjuster Guard used for?

It is used to prevent stock licking along the trough and forces them to lick from the same position, rationing feed and discouraging ‘bossy feeder’ behaviour.

How do you know where to set the slides for rationing?
  • The feeders come with a feed rationing chart on the panel above the trough. This provides a good starting point for the amount stock consume at each different setting.
  • It is a guide only and farmers need to record actual feed intake to determine their own calculations as different types of feed and other conditions can affect intake.
  • If stock are consuming more than desired, simply move the slides closer together.
  • Move slides further apart if stock are eating less than desired.
Can you shut the slides fully?

The top slide can close down to a 1/8 of an inch gap; ensuring feed can’t flow under it.

How do you re-position the slides?

Simply loosen the 8mm bolts that screw into captive nuts, adjust and re-tighten using the 13mm tube wrench supplied.

How do I ration the feed?
  • The feeders feature our Advanced Adjustment System of two movable adjusters that slide perpendicular to one another. Feed falls into an area between the adjusters where the height and width increase/decrease feed volumes.
  • Incremental volume scales inside the feeder allow assessment of feed outflow and adjustment where required.
  • Through constant trialling and feedback from our customers, we have developed a spreadsheet for different rations at different settings. This spreadsheet is available upon purchase.
Can the feeders be used for feed-lotting?
  • Many customers use our grain feeders in feedlots.
  • Despite being saliva restriction feeders, 3IN1FEEDERS are easily set to a full ration. The restriction system is useful in the feedlot for preconditioning cattle on a high starch-based diet.
Is shy-feeding stock a problem?

3IN1FEEDERS have developed a system to identify shy feeders by mixing blue food dye with the feed. Please email us to ask for a free fact sheet if you would like to know more.

How does the lid open?

We offset the lid with a handle on one side so it can be pulled back until it rests against the stops. It will not leak.

Can ewes and lambs/does and kids be fed together?

Yes – the Creep Panel can be used on one side of the feeder to exclusively feed lambs/kids while the other side can have the Creep Panel in the raised position to allow ewes/does to feed, either free choice or controlled ration.

How does the Creep Panel prevent ewes and does from accessing the feed?

The Creep Panel (Patent application number: 2010903466) works by acting as a guard over the trough denying ewes access to the feed based on their head being too large.

If you have any other questions, please feel free to contact us by phone or email.